Books (with links to publisher websites)

Bonner, Raymond. Anatomy of Injustice: A Murder Case Gone Wrong. Penguin Random House, 2013.

Coates, Ta-Nehisi. Between the World and Me. Penguin Random House, 2015.

Drucker, Ernest M. A Plague of Prisons: Epidemiology of Mass Incarceration in America. The New Press, 2011

Ferguson, Robert A. Inferno: An Anatomy of American Punishment. Harvard University Press, 2014

Forman, James Jr. Locking Up Our Own: Crime and Punishment in Black America. Farrar, Strauss and Giroux, 2018.

Goffmann, Alice. On the Run: Fugitive Life in an American City. University of Chicago Press, 2014

Gottschalk, Marie. Caught: The Prison State and the Lockdown of American Politics. Princeton University Press, 2015

Jones, Sabrina, and Marc Mauer. Race to Incarcerate: A Graphic Retelling. The New Press. 2013

Kilgore, James. Understanding Mass Incarceration: A People’s Guide to the Key Civil Rights Struggle of Our Time. The New Press, 2015

Mallett, Christopher A. The School to Prison Pipeline: A Comprehensive Assessment. Springer, 2015

Patterson, Orlando, and Ethan Fosse, eds. The Cultural Matrix: Understanding Black Youth. Harvard University Press, 2015

Rothstein, Richard. The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America. W.H. Norton & Co., 2017.

Stevenson, Bryan. Just Mercy: A Story of Justice and Redemption. Spiegel & Grau, 2014


Clear, Todd R. The effects of high imprisonment rates on communities. Crime and Justice, 2008.

Drucker, Ernest. Drug Law, Mass Incarceration, and Public Health. Oregon Law Review, 2013.

Forman, James, Jr. Racial Critiques of Mass Incarceration: Beyond the New Jim Crow. Yale University Law School, Faculty Scholarship Series, 2012.

Goldberg, Jeffrey. A Matter of Black Lives. The Atlantic Monthly, September 2015.

Gopnik, Adam. The Caging of America. The New Yorker, January 30, 2012

Hulihan, J. Influences on the burden of serious mental illness in the U.S. correctional system. Unpublished manuscript, 2010.

Huling, T. Building a Prison Economy in Rural America. In M. Mauer & M. Chesney-Lind (Eds.), Invisible Punishment: The Collateral Consequences of Mass Imprisonment.  New York: The New Press, 2002.

Thompson, Heather Ann. How Prisons Change the Balance of Power in America. Atlantic Monthly. October 7, 2013.

Thompson, Heather Ann. Why Mass Incarceration Matters: Rethinking Crisis, Decline, and Transformation in American History. The Journal of American History, December 2010.

Vera Institute. Incarceration's Front Door: The Misuse of Jails in America. February, 2015.

Wakefield, Sara and Uggen, Christopher. Incarceration and stratification. Annual Review of Sociology, 2010.

REPORTS on topics related to corrections, the courts, mass incarceration and racial justice (WITH LINKS TO REPRINTS)

NAACP Smart and Safe Campaign. Misplaced Priorities: Over Incarcerate, Under Educate. Excessive Spending on Incarceration Undermines Educational Opportunity and Public Safety. NAACP, 2011

National Research Council. The Growth of Incarceration in the United States: Exploring Causes and Consequences. National Academies Press, 2014

Pew Center on the States. State of Recidivism: The Revolving Door of America’s Prisons. Pew Charitable Trust, 2011

Pew Charitable Trusts. Max Out: The Rise in Prison Inmates Released Without Supervision. 2014

Pew Charitable Trusts. The Impact of Parole in New Jersey. 2013

Rothstein, Richard. From Ferguson to Baltimore: The Fruits of Government-Sponsored Segregation. Economic Policy Institute Working Economics Blog. April 29, 2015.

Rothstein, Richard. The Making of Ferguson: Public Policies at the Root of Its Troubles. Economic Policy Institute, 2014.

The Sentencing Project. Uneven Justice: State Rates of Incarceration by Race and Ethnicity, 2007

U.S. Department of Justice. Correctional Populations in the United States, 2014. Revised January 21, 2016


Film - Many are available through online streaming services or other online sources, which are listed. Also, look for local screenings.(Film descriptions from IMDb)

13th. An in-depth look at the prison system in the United States and how it reveals the nation's history of racial inequality. Directed by Ava DuVernay. 2016. https://www.netflix.com/title/80091741 

Broken on All Sides. A film focusing on mass incarceration and the intersection of race, poverty and the criminal justice system. Directed by Matthew Pillischer. 2012. http://brokenonallsides.com/ 

Elementary Genocide: The School to Prison Pipeline.  These films seek to educate parents, teachers and families about the school-to- prison pipeline, so that we can reclaim our young men and ensure the future of our community. Directed by Raheim Shabazz. 2014. http://elementarygenocide.com/ 

Free CeCe! On her way to the store with a group of friends, Chrishaun Reed "CeCe" McDonald was brutally attacked. While defending her life, a man was killed. After a coercive interrogation, CeCe was incarcerated in a men's prison in Minnesota. An international campaign to free CeCe garnered significant support from media and activists. https://www.freececedocumentary.com/

The House I Live In. From the dealer to the narcotics officer, the inmate to the federal judge, a penetrating look inside America's criminal justice system, revealing the profound human rights implications of U.S. drug policy. Directed by Eugene Jarecki. 2012. http://www.thehouseilivein.org/

Online multimedia

The Marshall Project: We Are Witnesses. The American criminal justice system consists of 2.2 million people behind bars, plus tens of millions of family members, corrections and police officers, parolees, victims of crime, judges, prosecutors and defenders. In We Are Witnesses, we hear their stories.

The Guardian. 6x9: A virtual experience of solitary confinement. What’s it like to spend 23 hours a day in a cell measuring 6x9 feet for days, weeks, months or even years? 6x9 is a virtual reality experience, which places you inside a US solitary confinement prison cell and tells the story of the psychological damage that can ensue from isolation. The site also features additional resources with information on solitary confinement.

The Atlantic. Mass Incarceration, Visualized. Narrated by Bruce Western. 2015

The Atlantic. The Enduring Myth of Black Criminality. Narrated by Te-Nehisi Coates. 2015

Equal Justice Initiative. Slavery to Mass Incarceration. 2015

Pendle Hill USA. Ending Mass Incarceration Conference. 2015:

Bryan Stevenson. We Need to Talk About an Injustice. TED2012

The Sentencing Project. An Interactive Map - showing incarceration rates by state, including racial/ethnic disparities in incarceration.


Click organization name for website link or email contact:

Office of the Ombudsman for Corrections, State of New Jersey - The Office of the Corrections Ombudsman provides a mechanism for the continuing resolution of issues, problems or complaints of inmates sentenced within New Jersey’s correctional system regarding their living conditions and other matters.

PA Prison Directory Action - a listing of resources for incarcerated persons and their families

A Better Way, Trenton - provides support for those re-entering society, at-risk youth and their families.

The National Resource Center on Children and Families of the Incarcerated

Support for Kids with Incarcerated Parents (SKIP): Phone 215-564-4775, ext. 104

The Center for Returning Citizens, Philadelphia - assists returning citizens in the transition from incarceration to society by providing job training, housing assistance, counseling services, legal aid, and referrals. TCRC helps individuals, families and communities with the adverse impacts of incarceration.

Volunteer Lawyers for JusticeVLJ provides FREE legal services to people with certain civil (non-criminal) legal issues